Henri Bergson (1859–1941) was one of the most famous and influential French philosophers of the late 19th century-early 20th century. It is my contention that it was on the back of Bergson’s philosophy that a set of philosophical ways… His mother was Anglo-Irish and his father Polish and an accomplished musician. Duration (French: la durée) is a theory of time and consciousness posited by the French philosopher Henri Bergson.Bergson sought to improve upon inadequacies he perceived in the philosophy of Herbert Spencer, due, he believed, to Spencer's lack of comprehension of mechanics, which led Bergson to the conclusion that time eluded mathematics and science. Henri Bergson was born in Paris in 1859 and died there in 1941. Bergson uses musical analogies and writes with gallic panache and imagination, drawing freely from the metaphysician and artist in himself. Although his international fame reached cult-like heights during his lifetime, his influence decreased notably after the second World War. 30.07.1996 The philosophy of Henri Bergson was a major and perhaps the most important direct influence on the development of the Cubist aesthetic - as well as central to the development of early twentieth century Modernism.